Development of metal packaging under the most popu

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Development of metal packaging under circular economy in recent years, circular economy has gradually become a new economic trend and trend in developed countries. Circular economy is an economic development mode of "promoting the coordination and harmony between man and nature". Nowadays, human beings strive to improve the extensive economic growth mode and advocate the establishment of a resource-saving society. A brand-new economic development model, which takes the efficient utilization and recycling of resources as the core, is characterized by low consumption, low emission and high efficiency, and is based on the effective utilization of resources and environmental protection, is rising, and has attracted more and more people's thinking and attention

China has a large population, relatively insufficient resources and fragile ecological environment. At present, the mode of economic growth in China has not been fundamentally changed. To a large extent, economic growth still depends on the high consumption of resources, resulting in prominent resource constraints, serious environmental pollution and intensified ecological damage. In the first 20 years of the 21st century, China will be in the stage of accelerated industrialization and urbanization to achieve the strategic goal of building a well-off society in an all-round way. If the extensive mode of economic growth is continued, resources will be unsustainable and the environment will be overwhelmed. We must advocate a circular economy, make full and effective use of resources, minimize waste discharge, and achieve sustainable economic and social development

in 2006, China will enter the "post transition period" of the world, and the world packaging powers will enter China's packaging industry on a large scale by virtue of their capital advantages and high starting point development and innovation capabilities. In this regard, the state should take strong countermeasures and provide feasible preferential policies in a forward-looking and prepared manner to support packaging enterprises with development potential. Therefore, in order to win the support of national policies, enterprises in the packaging equipment manufacturing industry must establish their own brands and comply with the trend of national economic development. After the death of the world, due to the momentum of increasing production in some related industries, it will drive the growth of both domestic demand and export commodities in the metal packaging industry

since the reform and opening up, the metal container packaging industry has been developing in the same direction as the other five major categories of packaging industry. Now it has developed into a metal container packaging industry system integrating tin printing can making, sealed can, steel barrel and various bottle caps. It ranks among the important ranks of the national packaging industry, mainly for food, cans and beverages. At this time, it is necessary to replace the jaws, grease, chemicals, drugs, culture and education Military products, cosmetics and other related industries provide product packaging supporting services. Due to the exquisite printing and production of metal packaging, it has a long shelf life and is easy to carry. It is especially suitable for travel, field work and battlefield needs, and is deeply welcomed by consumers

today, with the vigorous implementation of the scientificoutlookondevelopment and the efforts to practice the sustainable development strategy put forward by the Central Committee, in order to comprehensively expand and strengthen China's packaging industry and make it sustainable, coordinated and stable, we should study and pay attention to the relevant situation in the implementation of various policies and measures and in the future industrial development planning

the impact of the metal packaging industry on the environment and resources resource consuming industry

more than 70% of the packaging industrial products are disposable and become waste after use. The product life cycle is shorter than other industrial products, so the consumption of resources is large. At present, the country has not formed a complete set of effective mechanisms and relevant policies for recycling packaging waste, so the recycling rate of waste is low and the waste of resources is serious. In 2004, for example, the total output value of the packaging industry exceeded 320billion yuan, of which 230billion yuan of products will become packaging waste. As far as the metal packaging industry is concerned, according to a survey of the metal Commission, the annual demand of the aluminum can market has hovered around 7billion in recent years, and the annual demand of the cold-rolled steel barrel Market is about 60million, which can also be called the middle and upper level of the resource consumption of the packaging industry. Metal cans are made of tinplate cold pressed plates and aluminum plates, which belong to high-tech packaging materials. In 2004, the metal container industry purchased 1.5 million tons of tinplate, a considerable part of which came from imported plates; In addition, the country has paid a large amount of foreign exchange for importing raw boards from abroad to process tin plating at home. Due to the great dependence on plates, when China's iron and steel industry raised the flag of anti-dumping in 2003 and 2004, the sales price of tinplate rose like a blood pressure column. It can be said that the industry encountered unprecedented difficulties during the microcomputer operation (the price has been raised by more than 80% since June2002, while the increased cost of the metal can industry has been transferred to the downstream industry by less than 20%). Secondly, most metal packaging enterprises are small in scale,. The industrial concentration is low, and the overall tension of kerosene and electricity transportation virtually amplifies the tension of domestic energy and resources, and intensifies the difficulties of enterprise operation and the consumption of energy resources. At present, there are about 60 domestic enterprises that consume more than 10000 tons of tinplate annually. For example, COFCO Meite, a leading domestic enterprise, consumes 75000 tons of tinplate annually, with an output and sales of 800million yuan. According to incomplete statistics, there are about 4billion tinplate cans used annually in China. Although it has great development prospects with the continuous growth of export and domestic sales, the high tinplate price makes it difficult for enterprises to maintain their business and face many difficulties. In general, the current economic growth mode of China's packaging industry is still extensive, and the consumption of resources is large, which is twice the world average level, 4.3 times that of the United States and 11.5 times that of Japan

in 2004, the total output value of metal container industry was 28billion yuan, with a total consumption of about 1.5 million tons of materials, including 10000 tons of tinplate and 170000 tons of aluminum plate; The average output value of consumables per 100 million yuan is 5400 tons

significant energy consumption ratio

China's energy consumption per unit of GDP is four times that of the United States and seven times that of Japan. As far as Liu metal packaging is concerned, the power consumption of iron and aluminum packaging materials (the same volume container) is 0.70kw/h for iron and 3.ookw/h for aluminum. The specific power consumption is much greater than that of other packaging materials. China has a large population and a large economic aggregate. If this resource consumption situation does not change, then at the current rate of economic development, the world's resource supply will be further strained. From this perspective, reducing the consumption of resources per unit output and changing the mode of economic growth are not only the needs of sustainable economic development, but also the needs of maintaining a rare period of strategic opportunities for China's development

the metal packaging industry is also an industry dominated by small and medium-sized enterprises and private enterprises. Common phenomena in some industries, such as small scale, low degree of intensive production, low-level repetition, assimilation of quality structure, price competition and so on; In addition, in January (4) of 2003 and 2004, China exported 2.98 million tons of plastic products. The transportation of kerosene and electricity in China was unprecedentedly tight, and the international energy prices and raw material prices continued to rise. Upstream enterprises also raised the prices of materials on this basis; The increased production costs cannot be effectively transferred to downstream industries, etc. The fatigue of snow and frost has made the insiders still pale and fresh in their memory. These tangible and intangible pressures and difficulties have posed severe challenges to our original growth mode, from industrial structure to product structure, from environmental and ecological requirements to technological upgrading, and all of them urgently require us to make fundamental adjustments. Under the pressure of the market and the regulation of the two invisible masters of energy and resources, enterprises are forced to go up the Liangshan Mountain and struggle to find a way to transfer pressure and break out of the encirclement

in addition, due to the unsaturated production orders, the enterprise has to stop the drying furnace when the third shift can not start up at full load, which consumes a lot of energy in vain. There is also a disconnect between enterprise management and production tasks, which also directly causes a waste of energy resources

of course, there must be gains if there are losses. Enterprises have also taken the opportunity to reshuffle their cards, raising the threshold for Industry candidates. The enterprise strives for survival in the cracks. According to the operation law of the market economy, it adopts the methods of reorganization, merger, lease, etc., takes advantage of regional differences, spreads risks, forms a high product concentration and industrial scale effect, and transitions to products with differences, scale, specialty, internationalization and high added value. Some large domestic enterprises, such as COFCO Meite in Hangzhou and org in Beijing, have adopted the collectivization and large-scale development model. They may expand rapidly on the basis of regional brands and radiate across the country; Or integrate multiple joint ventures or associated companies; Or export-oriented, the "one-stop" development mode of design services, OEM processing and overseas markets has laid a new market pattern and made a bold attempt and successful exploration for the long-term development of the enterprise

the production capacity is higher than the output, resulting in a serious imbalance between production and demand, resulting in a waste of resource allocation

like the planned and uncontrolled growth in those years, a large number of production lines and production equipment were purchased and introduced in blind days, resulting in a high level of production capacity. Assets are also resources. Improper use and advance investment are all at odds with the construction of an energy-saving society advocated by the central government. This leading effect and our lag in the reform of system and mechanism sometimes make people sigh bitterly and joyously. If fixed investment is too fast and overheated, it will eventually suffer. A series of problems, such as the increase of depreciation cost, the occupation of working capital, the delay of loan repayment cycle, the increase of financial expenses, the loss of financial integrity, the idleness of equipment, the increase of regular maintenance costs and expenses, finally led to the enterprises breaking through the price bottom line, entering into unprecedented fierce disorderly competition, and even violating the market law. The cost and price are upside down. So far, people in the industry still can't bear to look back. Relevant data statistics show: (see Table 1)

adhere to sustainable development, build a conservation oriented society, develop China's metal packaging industry with circular economy as the key link

several aspects that should be paid attention to in the future development of the industry

1. in project decision-making, we should control market risks, industrial investment and overcapacity from a strategic perspective

2. in the "Eleventh Five Year Plan" and even in the next ten years, metal packaging will mainly meet domestic demand. Pay attention to the transformation of industrial economic growth mode, prevent excessive expansion of industrial scale, and gradually eliminate enterprises with high consumables, high energy consumption and high pollution

3. In the coming decades, the biggest obstacle to China's rapid economic growth is resources and environmental factors, which are also the driving force facing the packaging industry. Therefore, the packaging industry cannot be isolated from the overall economic development situation, let alone go alone quietly. We know that modern economic growth first depends on the continuous improvement of technology and skills. Therefore, whether we can continue to maintain technological progress is the best way to solve the twin twin problem of resources and environment that puzzles the long-term and stable development of the industry. While aiming at foreign advanced technologies, we should improve our national scientific and technological innovation ability based on ourselves, speed up technological progress, make a high starting point in research and development, target accurately, strive to catch up with the international advanced level, master a number of core technologies in several important fields, own a number of products with proprietary intellectual property rights, and create a number of internationally competitive enterprises and brands, We will firmly take scientific and technological progress and innovation capacity as the primary driving force for economic and social development, take improving the ability of independent innovation as the central link in adjusting the economic structure, transforming the growth mode and improving the competitiveness of the industry, and take building an innovative country as a major strategy for the future

4. at present, the transformation and application of scientific and technological achievements are generally lagging behind, and the industrialization ability of scientific and technological achievements is relatively weak. In view of this situation, it should create more opportunities for the automotive and aerospace industries

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